Go to start page

plan-eg-20120706 plan-eg-20120706 12 plan-eg-20120706 13 plan-eg-20120706 14 plan-eg-20120706 15 plan-eg-20120706 16 plan-eg-20120706 17 plan-eg-20120706 18

Euthanasia Programme under National Socialism

Prepared by scientific theories and declared by National Socialism as its principle objective, racial hygiene and eugenics were to be radically implemented by means of the first systematically planned and state-run mass murder by the Nazi regime under the name of 'euthanasia'.

The 'eradication' of those with mental and physical disabilities and those considered inferior was a main objective of National Socialism. In 1939, Nazi eugenicists and physicians moved from forced sterilisation to physical eradication of those people considered 'unworthy of life'. By eliminating them, the "negative selection" posed by the war was to be countered. Another significant motive was the savings of social costs (hospital beds and personnel, food, medicine etc.).


Historical photo: Smoke coming out of the chimney of the crematorium in Hartheim, around 1940/41

Contact Details

Lern- und Gedenkort Schloss Hartheim

tel +43 7274 6536-546
fax +43 7274 6536-548
email office(at)schloss-hartheim.at 

Our office is open:
Mon–Thu: 8.30–16.30
Fri: 8.30–13.00

Opening Hours

Mon and Fri: 9.00 – 15.00
Tue – Thu: 9.00 – 16.00
Sunday and holiday: 10.00 – 17.00
Saturday closed


© 2013 Lern- und Gedenkort Schloss Hartheim